Chinese cuisine: scallions, ginger and garlic.
French cuisine: a mirepoix of celery, onion and carrots.
Greek cuisine: lemon juice, olive oil and oregano.
Indian cuisine: Garlic, ginger and onion.
Italian cuisine: soffritto, or a base of sauteed carrots, onion and celery, essentially the same ingredients as that of mirepoix.
Japanese cuisine: Dashi, mirin and shoyu.
Korean cuisine: Doenjang (fermented soybean paste), gochujang (hot pepper paste), and ganjang (soy sauce).
Mexican cuisine: The combination of three types of dried chili peppers — ancho, pasilla, and guajillo.
Spanish cuisine: Sofrito, a sauteed base of garlic, onion and tomato cooked in olive oil.
Thai cuisine: galangal (Thai ginger), kaffir lime (leaves and rind) and lemon grass